By Alexander J. Dunning
This work unites the innovations of laser cooling and matter-wave interferometry to enhance an interferometric laser cooling method in an experimental approach of chilly rubidium atoms. Serving as an advent to graduate point coherent optical atomic manipulation, the thesis describes the idea of influenced Raman transitions and atom interferometry, besides the experimental tools for getting ready and manipulating chilly atoms, ahead of construction on those foundations to discover adapted optical pulse sequences and novel atomic cooling techniques.
Interferometric cooling, initially proposed through Weitz and Hänsch in 2000, is predicated upon the coherent broadband laser pulses of Ramsey interferometry and in precept permits laser cooling of atomic and molecular species outdoors the scope of conventional Doppler laser cooling. at the course towards cooling, composite pulses – quantum errors correction tools, constructed by way of chemists to mitigate the results of in homogeneities in NMR spectroscopy – are investigated with a view to bettering the functionality of atom interferometers.
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