Contingency, Time, and Possibility: An Essay on Aristotle by Pascal Massie

By Pascal Massie

If we're to tell apart mere non-being from that which isn't, but should be, from that which was once no longer, but might have been, or from that in order to no longer be, but may well develop into, we're devoted in a roundabout way to provide being to chances. the potential isn't genuine; but it's not not anything. What then may perhaps it's? What ontological prestige may perhaps it own? In Contingency, Time, and danger: An Essay on Aristotle and Duns Scotus, Pascal Massie opens those questions through combining ways: First, an unique inquiry that analyses the notions of probability, destiny, occasion, contradiction, etc, and means that the excellence among efficiency and act arises from a war of words with the most unlikely. moment, a ancient inquiry that specializes in Aristotle and Duns Scotus, key figures contributing to a primary transformation within the heritage of Western ontology; specifically, the transition from a metaphysics of nature (Aristotle) to a metaphysics of the desire (Scotus). In doing so, this ebook departs from the existing interpretation of the historical past of modal good judgment in accordance with which Scotus rejected the main of plenitude attributed to Aristotle and changed the traditional diachronic concept of chances with a synchronic one, thereby contributing to a Opossible worldOs semantics.O fairly, Massie argues that during its right ontological import, the query of hazard matters the restrict among being and non-being and that this restrict has to be notion by way of temporality. With Scotus, even if, an intensive shift happens. percentages are understood by way of will, production, omnipotence, and transcending freedom. As such, they belong to the world of what's supremely real (i.e., superabundant activity). What was once understood as a lesser measure of being (the quasi non-being of uninformed topic and mere chances) turns into the mark of omnipotence.

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